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Tracking MDGs in Brazil


02 February 2009

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A new portal has been launched in Brazil to help citizens monitor the MDGs status in over 5,000 municipalities in their country. Unveiled on the sidelines of the World Social Forum, the Portal ODM will enable people to access relevant information about anti-poverty goals and influence public policies.

Brasília: Brazilians can now monitor the status of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) through the Portal ODM, which presents data related to the MDGs in each of the 5,564 Brazilian municipalities.

The MDGs were agreed to by Brazil and another 190 member countries of the United Nations with a view to improving social, environmental, and economic indicators.

The global launch of the Portal will take place during the World Social Forum, which takes place in Belém, Pará State, Brazil, from January 27–February 1, 2009.

portal ODM.jpg
Image Credits: UNMC / A web page of the portal ODM

The ‘Portal ODM’ permits citizens to monitor the situation in their municipality so they can participate in the process of implementing public policies.  At the same time, the private sector can take advantage of this important tool to help them define social and corporate responsibility actions at the municipal level.

The Brazilian MDG Municipal Portal has indicators for all the 5,564 municipalities in the country. These indicators are presented in two formats. First, the Portal brings the indicators in a lucid manner where the viewer has easy access to data related to one municipality. Second, the Portal gives access to a DevInfo database that creates the possibility of generating maps, tables and graphs.

The DevInfo database goes beyond the indicators presented in html format bringing extra information about the Brazilian municipalities. Both combined are an excellent source of information about MDGs at municipal level in the country

The Portal was developed by ORBIS (Sustainability Indicators Observatory), a programme conducted by SESI in Paraná State, the FIEP system, and the Institute of Development Promotion (IPD) under the coordination of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), with support from United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the We Can Movement of Paraná, the Nucleus of Support to Public Policies (NAPP), the Ministry of Planning, and the General Secretariat of the Presidency of the Republic.

MDGs evolution

A survey conducted with data gathered by the ODM Portal points to the main advances and challenges faced by recently elected mayors throughout Brazil. The study was carried out with municipalities grouped according to the proportion of inhabitants living below the poverty line. Some of the findings include:

Malnutrition:  In those municipalities with the highest proportion of people living below the poverty line, the percentage of malnourished children (under 2 years of age) fell by 56% between 2000 and 2007, e.g. to 12% in 2000 and 5% in 2007.

Poverty:  Of the 20% municipalities with the highest percentage of people living below the poverty line, more than 80% are living in the Northeast region. The North represents 12% of those municipalities, despite having only two per cent of the Brazilian municipalities.  On the other hand, considering the 20% municipalities with the highest poverty percentage, as much as 95% are in the South and Southeast regions.

Education: The gap between proper age for the school grade in the municipalities with the highest proportion of people living below the poverty line is three times as high in primary education, and 2.5 times as high in secondary education, compared to the municipalities with the lowest proportion of people living below the poverty line.

Labour market:  Women have larger participation in the formal labour market in the municipalities with the highest proportion of people living below the poverty line than in those with the lowest proportion. 2007 data reveal that in the first group the participation of women is 58%, and 39% in the second.

Child mortality:  In the Southeast region, the number of municipalities whose child mortality rate was lower than 15/1,000 live births increased twofold: from 27% in 1996 to 54% in 2006.  62% of the municipalities in the South region are in this situation.

Pregnant women’s health: Over the past eight years, maternal mortality rose by 11% in the municipalities with the highest proportion of people living below the poverty line, and fell by 27% in those with the lowest proportion.

Fight against HIV-AIDS:  Although HIV/AIDS has typically disseminated throughout large urban centers, 72% of the municipalities with less than half of the population living in urban areas registered cases between 1990 and 2006.

Environment:  The municipalities in the north and north-east regions reported the highest number of episodes impacting the environment during the past 24 months (93% and 94% respectively).  22% of the municipalities in the north and 26% in the north-east stated that these occurrences did affect the life of the population.

Digital inclusion: Only two per cent of the primary schools and 25% of the secondary schools in the municipalities with the highest proportion of people living below the poverty line have access to the internet.  On the other hand, in the municipalities with the lowest proportion these figures rise to 55% and 81% respectively.

For more information, contact:

UNICEF Communication Staff:
Estela Caparelli, telephone: (61) 3035 1963 mecaparelli@unicef.org
Alexandre Magno, telephone: (61) 3035 1947 aamorim@unicef.org

ORBIS Communication Staff:
Kremer, telephone: (41) 3271 9139 christiane.kremer@fiepr.org.br

 
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